Drug testing athletes for steroids

The woman didn't report either incident to the police or school at the time. But she detailed how the alleged gang rapes took a toll on her as she endured what she described as a hostile environment on campus. She said her grades plummeted and she had to take time off from school and temporarily transfer to another college, where she developed a skin-picking disorder that is common among people who experience trauma. In November 2016, she and a friend, who was also identified as a victim in one of the alleged 2012 gang rapes, came to an undisclosed financial settlement with Baylor.

GC-MS detects target compounds by comparing the retention time and relative intensities of ion fragments in unknown samples to those obtained for reference compounds. The collected data are reduced to dedicated windows consisting of selected time slices and mass-to-charge (m/z) ions corresponding to the expected retention times and mass spectral fragments for each target compound. Interfering peaks and background noise can complicate GC-MS data reading because screening methods are designed to detect entire classes of compounds and are not optimized for individual compounds. Furthermore, a single ion fragment may not be unique and might be shared by compounds. These issues limit the use of automated software programs for GC-MS data reading and require that experienced data readers carefully evaluate all data. In contrast, LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS measure the relative abundance of precursor/product ion pairs (transitions). Because the likelihood of a target compound and an interfering substance having the same precursor/product ion pairs is relatively small, the data usually are easier to interpret compared to GC-MS data and can be more easily evaluated by computer software.

Although the Supreme Court has limited its rulings on the constitutionality of random drug testing to students engaged in athletics and other activities, some schools have expanded their drug testing to other groups of students, for example, students who drive to school, attend school dances or even the entire student body. It is unclear whether these expanded programs are legal. The Supreme Court originally reasoned that athletes can be drug tested because they are role models and can influence the drug culture of a school, and that drug use and athletics are a dangerous combination. This same logic was extended to extra-curricular activities. While safety is a legitimate concern, this has remained an area of disagreement and viewed as a “slippery slope,” especially when schools have taken the liberty of implementing school-wide testing.

Drug testing athletes for steroids

drug testing athletes for steroids

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