AB - Objective: To review published literature regarding the use of intratympanic steroids in the treatment of Ménière's disease and sudden sensorineural hearing loss and to make recommendations regarding their use based on the literature review. Data Sources: Literature review from 1996 to 2003, PubMed, Medline Plus, and Web of Science. Study Selection: Retrospective case series and uncontrolled prospective cohort studies were the only types of studies available for review. Conclusion: On the basis of the available literature, a weak recommendation is made to use intratympanic steroid treatment of sudden hearing loss if oral steroid therapy fails or is contraindicated. The available studies regarding intratympanic steroid treatment of Ménière's disease and tinnitus are inadequate to answer the question of the efficacy of this treatment for these conditions. Higher quality studies are needed.
Tinnitus is commonly thought of as a symptom of adulthood, and is often overlooked in children. Children with hearing loss have a high incidence of tinnitus, even though they do not express the condition or its effect on their lives.  Children do not generally report tinnitus spontaneously and their complaints may not be taken seriously.  Among those children who do complain of tinnitus, there is an increased likelihood of associated otological or neurological pathology such as migraine, juvenile Meniere’s disease or chronic suppurative otitis media.  Its reported prevalence varies from 12% to 36% in children with normal hearing thresholds and up to 66% in children with a hearing loss and approximately 3–10% of children have been reported to be troubled by tinnitus.